|The continents are the divisions of the terrestrial
space elaborated by man to better understand it. These are
large land masses that are separated by the oceans. Thus,
according to the current division, there are six main
continents: America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Oceania
Next, we will see the
characteristics of each of the continents, organized from
the largest to the smallest (click on the names of each
continent for more details):
1st Asia - In addition to being the
largest of the continents, it is also the one with the
largest population on the planet. Its total area is almost
45 million km² and the current population is estimated at
4.5 billion people. It is in Asia that we find the highest
point in the world, Mount Everest, with 8,848m high.
Among the 53 countries that are part of Asia, we can
mention: China, India and most of Russia. It also contains a
region that presents the most conflicting political
relations in the world: the Middle East.
2nd America - The second largest
continent in the world, with a total area of 42 million
km², is generally divided into three parts: North America,
South America and Central America. Another division form
separates the continent between Anglo-Saxon America and
Latin America. The total population of that continent is
estimated at approximately 1 billion inhabitants.
The continent we live in, America
Among the 35 countries that make up America, we can
mention: United States, Mexico and Canada, in North America;
Haiti, Cuba and Jamaica, in Central America; Brazil,
Argentina and Paraguay, in South America.
3rd Africa - The African continent is
one of those with the greatest number of ethnic groups in
the entire planet. Before colonization by Europeans, there
were more than two thousand different civilizations! Its
territorial extension is over 30 million km² and the
population is estimated at 1.2 billion inhabitants. See more
countries and population details on Countryaah.
It is the continent that has the largest number of
countries: 54, in total. Among them, we can highlight Egypt,
Tunisia, Nigeria and South Africa.
4th Antarctica (Antarctica): also called
“South Pole”, it is the fourth largest continent in the
world, with approximately 14 million km². Its area is
divided among several countries in the world, which carry
out research and scientific studies.
Contrary to what many people imagine, this continent is
formed not only by ice, but also by a large amount of land
(unlike the North Pole, which is formed only by polar caps).
There is life in Antarctica, which houses the famous
Penguins, among many other species that can resist the
5th Europe: despite being one of the
smallest continents in the world, Europe is the most
important politically. It was from it that the capitalist
system and its economic, social, political and cultural
values were constituted and expanded. The sciences are
also, for the most part, from that continent, because it was
there that the Greeks created Philosophy.
Its territorial extension is over 10 million km² and the
population is approximately 800 million inhabitants.
Among the 49 countries that make up Europe, we can
mention: England, Germany, France, Portugal, Spain and many
6th Oceania: it is called by the
Europeans a “brand new world”, as it was the last place on
Earth to be colonized by them. It has 14 countries spread
over more than 8 million km². Most of them are formed by
archipelagos (set of islands). The total population of that
continent is approximately 40 million people.
Among the countries that are part of Oceania, we can
highlight Australia, New Zealand and Tahiti.
Curiosities about the continents:
- There is only one city in the world that is found on
two continents, it is the city of Istanbul, located in
Turkey. It is located on the European and Asian continents
- In a remote past, before men existed, the continents
were just one: the Pangeia, which, thanks to the movements
of the Tectonic Plates, divided and originated the current
- Some researchers do not consider Antarctica as a
continent, but as a continental area.
- The North Pole is not a continent, as there is no strip
of land, only ice.
- The name “America” was created in honor of Américo
Vespúcio, as this was the first navigator to discover that
this continent was not part of Asia, as Europeans imagined.