According to estatelearning, the Bahamas are an archipelago of more than 700 islands located in the Caribbean Sea. It is bordered by the United States to the north, Cuba to the northwest, Haiti to the east and southeast, and the Turks and Caicos Islands to the southeast. It has a total area of 13,940 sq km and a population of around 400,000 people. The capital city of Bahamas is Nassau which is situated on New Providence Island in the northwestern part of the country. The terrain of Bahamas consists mainly of low-lying coral islands with some hilly areas. The highest peak in Bahamas is Mount Alvernia at 63 meters (206 feet). There are also several rivers including Exuma River and Black River that flow through Bahamas.
Before the arrival of the Europeans, the Bahamas was inhabited by Arab-speaking Indians. When Columbus came to the Caribbean in 1492, he first reached one of the Bahamas. It was previously assumed that it was San Salvador (Watling’s Island), but nowadays the southern Samana Cay also has its advocates. The indigenous people were made slaves and brought by the Spaniards to Haiti.
In the 17th century, the English took possession of the Bahamas, and in 1717 the islands were made into a British crown colony. The barren islands were not suitable for plantation. Major industries instead became piracy, smuggling and slave trade. During the North American War of Independence (1775–83), many loyalists fled with their slaves to the Bahamas.
In 1964, the Bahamas gained self-government, and in July 1973 full independence was achieved. To see more information other than history, please visit Abbreviationfinder to learn more about climate, population, government, and economy for the country of Bahamas. The country’s history has subsequently been characterized by attempts to build a strong economy and a functioning political system. In practice, the Bahamas is a bipartisan system where the government has shifted between the Progressive Liberal Party (PLP) and the Free National Movement (FNM), both of which can be placed at the center of the political scale.
PLP ruled 1967-92 with Lynden O. Pindling as prime minister. The period was characterized by economic growth but also by corruption and extensive drug smuggling. The Bahamas has also long been accused of allowing money laundering in tax havens’ banks. Crime has continued to be a major problem along with illegal immigration.
- Countryaah: Check to see the location of Bahamas on the world map. Also covers major mountains, rivers and lakes in Bahamas.
FNM ruled the country in 1992–2002 and thereafter the parties alternately held government power, PLP 2002–07 and 2012–17 and FNM 2007–12 and since 2017.
Bahamas foreign policy is characterized by close relations with the United States, which previously strongly criticized the country’s handling of drug smuggling and money laundering.
History. – After five years of government of the Progressive liberal party (PLP), the elections of May 2007 saw the affirmation of Hubert Ingraham’s Free national movement (FNM), who returned to hold the position of prime minister already exercised in the decade of 1992- 2002. The perception of corruption still widespread in the party and some scandals weighed against the PLP, in relation to which the outgoing premier Perry Christie showed himself indecisive and unable to exercise strong leadership. The control of drug trafficking and irregular immigration – especially Cuban and Haitian – remained structural problems even in the years of the Ingraham government, during which there was also an increase in the already numerous episodes of violent crime. These aspects, combined with the global economic crisis which led to a net reduction in tourist flows and an increase in unemployment, they influenced the results of the consultations in May 2012: the PLP won 29 seats against 9 in the FNM and Christie again became prime minister. In February 2013, the new executive presented its own project to reform the taxation system, proposing the introduction of a value added tax. The tax, set at 7.5% for goods and services, became effective on 1 January 2015. In international politics, Bahamas maintained its relations with neighboring countries, even though it did not participate in the single market initiative of the Caribbean community (Caricom single market and economy, CSME); while cooperation with the United States continued to combat drug trafficking.