1975-81 Conservative rule under Ziaur Rahman
On August 15, 1975, the military took power by coup. It was based on an alliance between the layer of intermediate officer and the civil bureaucracy. Khandakar Mostaque Ahmed – a former minister in the Mujibur government – became new president. Mostaque was a Pietist Muslim and leader of the pro-American faction of the Awamiliga, while Mujibur had a strong association with India and the Soviet Union. The new political leaders lacked both political ideas and leadership skills that could turn developments in the country in a different direction. To see more information other than history, please visit Abbreviationfinder to learn more about climate, population, government, and economy for the country of Bangladesh.
On November 3, 1975, Brigadier General Khalid Mosharaff conducted a coup. He was considered pro-Indian and some claim that the coup was inspired by Indian team. The Chief of the Army, Major General Ziaur Rahman was imprisoned. Mosharaff was only allowed to retain power for four days. An uprising in the army among soldiers and officers belonging to the National Socialist Party (NSP) led to Mosharaff being deposed and Ziaur Rahman set free by Colonel Abu Taher – one of the rebel leaders. Ziaur Rahman was one of the heroes of the detachment war and enjoyed great popularity. He was reinstated as chief of the army because he was considered a unifying symbol, while left-wing military leaders believed they could control him. But Rahman proved difficult to control. He quickly restored the military discipline, and Colonel Taher was later jailed and sentenced to death, while other rebel leaders received lengthy prison sentences. Many of the companies that had been nationalized under Mujibur were now traced back to their former owners.
Rahman founded the Bangladesh Jatiyatabadi Valley (GDP, Bangladesh Nationalist Party), which brought together many of the sectors that had opposed Bangladesh’s independence in 1971. The BNP won the elections in 1978 and 79 and the Awamiliga became the opposition party. The country experienced some form of stability for a short period until May 1981, when Ziaur Rahman was killed during a coup attempt that failed. On March 24, 82, the military overthrew the government and placed General Hossein Mohamed Ershad in the presidential post. In 1985, General Ershad Jayto created the party that won the election big – because the entire opposition had called for a boycott based on the prospect of massive electoral fraud. Due. the rising mobilization in the opposition dissolved Ershad parliament. The election of 88 was boycotted by the main opposition parties and by the general population.
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Faulty economic policy
Since Sheik Mujibur Rahman’s death in 1975, socialism and secularism had been abandoned as a political foundation for the state. Public spending has been reduced and the main political power factor has been concentrated in the military. The concentration of the country’s best land with the large landowners is arguably the main reason for the low productivity and the huge deprivation suffered by the rural population.
Of the 7,000 different rice varieties that existed in Bangladesh before the so-called ” green revolution ” in the years 1960-80, practically only one is cultivated today. The argument was that this new high-yield rice variety would solve all food supply problems, but the only The result is that a new productive market has opened up for the fertilizer producers, because the new rice variety is dependent on fertilizers.
In 1982, General Ershad initiated an “administrative decentralization” which imposed enormous unproductive spending on the land and created an alliance between the bureaucracy and the rural elite over the control of public resources. The economic result was negative for a number of reasons: unrestrained privatizations, increased unproductive spending – especially for the military -, production growth remained very low and agricultural production fell directly.
On April 30, 1991, a cyclone cost nearly 100,000 people lives, the material devastation ran into many millions of dollars and millions of people lost their homes, according to a statement by Prime Minister Kaleda Zia. It was the most violent hurricane to hit Bangladesh since 1970. The most affected zones were the coastal area and the islands of the Ganges Delta.