Yohar symbolically regained his presidential post in January 1996 and during the period from March 6 to March 17 elections were held which ended with a victory for Taki from the CDN, the Comorian Democratic National Union. To see more information other than history, please visit Abbreviationfinder to learn more about climate, population, government, and economy for the country of Comoros.
One month after his accession, Taki dissolved the National Assembly and held a general election on October 6. The CDN achieved 36 of Parliament’s 43 seats, in an election boycotted by the opposition.
The October 1996 Constitution, which replaced it earlier from June 1992, contained, inter alia, the establishment of the Ulema Council to control was in accordance with Islamic law, Sharia. Among other things. the death penalty – abolished in 1975 – was reinstated.
The World Bank funded a program to reduce infectious diseases. Malaria is the primary cause of death in the Comoros; 20% of deaths among children under five are due to malaria!
A detachment movement led by Abdallah Ibrahim in August 1997 demanded independence for the island of Anjouan, where half the population of the Comoros lives. The intervention of the National Army and a series of violent confrontations resulted in hundreds of deaths over the ensuing months.
More than 99% of Anjouan’s population voted in March 1998 in favor of the island’s detachment from the Comoros. The election was marred by the arrest of an opposition leader from the independence movement on the island of Moroni. The island of Mohéli also demanded independence. An OAU delegation expressing the desire for a unified Comoros traveled to both islands to assess the situation.
Three months before the planned elections, Taki Abdulkarim died at the age of 62 from heartbreak. The chairman of the National Assembly, Tadjidine Ben Said Massonde, temporarily took over the presidential post.
- Countryaah: Check to see the location of Comoros on the world map. Also covers major mountains, rivers and lakes in Comoros.
On April 23, 1999, an agreement was proposed in Madagascar to give greater autonomy to Anjouan and Moheli, to establish a transitional government and to create a presidential post to switch between the three islands. However, the Anjouan representatives refused to sign the agreement, citing that they first had to consult with their people. It triggered violent clashes in both the Comoros and Anjouan. Political instability triggered a military coup on April 30. Colonel Azali Assoumani took over the de-facto presidential post and promised to conduct elections within 10 months.
Neither the federal government of the Comoros nor the African unity organization OAU had at any time reached an agreement on Anjouan independence. While Anjouan political leaders gathered in Moheli in August 2001 to study a constitutional proposal to redefine relations between the islands, a military committee headed by Major Mohamed Bacar took control of the island. The committee expressed its willingness to grant Anjouan “regional autonomy over the Comoros, but not independence.”
Two counter-coups among separatists within the military leadership failed, and Bacar remained in control. In the end, a referendum was held on Njazidiah, which supported the new constitution that retained the federation but gave greater autonomy to its individual islands. By then, the Constitution had already been adopted in the other islands. The presidential post must alternate between the 3 islands and Njazidja accounts for the first period of 4 years.