Before Kristoffer Columbus arrived in Dominica in 1493, the island was populated by the Arabian people and later by the Carib. After Dominica was proclaimed a Spanish colony, French pirates assumed dominion in the 17th century.
During the 1700s, control of Dominica changed between British and French. With the conflict between the two colonial powers, most of the original population was killed or deported. African slaves then constituted the largest population.
- Countryaah: Check to see the location of Dominica on the world map. Also covers major mountains, rivers and lakes in Dominica.
In 1783 the United Kingdom was finally recognized as a colony. From 1833 to 1940, Dominica was administered with the Leeward Islands, and from 1958 to 62 the island was a member of the West Indies Federation. In 1967, Dominica gained internal autonomy within the West Indies Associated States archipelago. On November 3, 1978, the island declared itself independent within the British Commonwealth under the leadership of Prime Minister Patrick John.
The cyclones David and Fredrik caused major devastation in 1979 and 1980, leaving about 70% of the population homeless, and in the wake of the disaster, corruption and political scandals led to John’s resignation. In the 1980 election, the Dominica Freedom Party won, and Mary Eugenia Charles became the Caribbean’s first female head of state. Several riots, including from a group of rastafarians, were fought in the early 1980s, and in 1983 Patrick John attempted to seize power in a coup with US mercenaries. To see more information other than history, please visit Abbreviationfinder to learn more about climate, population, government, and economy for the country of Dominica.
Charles was the spokeswoman for the Organization of the Eastern Caribbean (OECS) which supported the US invasion of Grenada in 1983. The United States has since provided financial and military support to Dominica and the other members of the OECS. Charles was re-elected in 1985 and 1990, but withdrew from politics in 1995. At the death of Charles the same year, 31-year-old Roosevelt took over Skerrit, and the 2005 parliamentary elections renewed his Labor government.
In 2002, Dominica faced an economic crisis, with declining revenues from banana exports and tourism. In his reign (Labor Party, 2000–04), Prime Minister Pierre Charles converted to a more US-critical course, and in 2004 the country signed an aid agreement with China. Vernon Lorden Shaw was president from 1998 to 2003, followed by Nicholas Liverpool and Charles Savarin (2013-).