According to estatelearning, Eritrea is located in the northeast corner of Africa, bordered by Sudan to the west, Ethiopia to the south and Djibouti to the southeast. The total land area of Eritrea is 117,600 square kilometers with a coastline stretching for 2,234 kilometers. The terrain consists mostly of coastal plains and plateaus with some hills and mountains in the interior. The climate is hot and dry year-round with very little rainfall. Eritrea experiences two distinct seasons: a cool winter from December to February and a hot summer from June to August.
Eritrea abolished the coin “birr” and introduced “nafka” instead. In response, Ethiopia stated that trade between the two countries should be settled in North American dollars. To see more information other than history, please visit Abbreviationfinder to learn more about climate, population, government, and economy for the country of Eritrea.
The government did not fulfill the plans for political reform and postponed the election of more parties until 1997, while the land conflicts with neighboring countries Djibouti and Yemen worsened. In a country ravaged by extreme poverty, tourism concentrated on the coral islands plays a vital role in the country’s economy.
Fighting with Ethiopia broke out again in 1998. But unlike the liberation war, the new war had the nature of border conflict. It quickly involved other African countries as Nigeria sent weapons to the Eritreans and Kenya mobilized troop forces along its border with Ethiopia.
In June 99, President Issaias and Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi accepted a proposal by the OAU for immediate ceasefire and withdrawal of troops from the conflict zones. The Eritrean authorities demanded compensation for the deportation of thousands of Eritreans into Ethiopia and the confiscation of their possessions.
In September, Eritrea accepted the OAU peace proposal, while Ethiopia had minor criticisms. The following months intensified efforts to get both parties to accept the agreement. Nevertheless, the situation continued to be tense and in February 2000, the two countries fought again.
- Countryaah: Check to see the location of Eritrea on the world map. Also covers major mountains, rivers and lakes in Eritrea.
In September 2001, 11 government officials were arrested and accused of being “overthrowers” and “traitors” after criticizing the government and demanding democratic reforms. The opposition press was also closed and 9 journalists detained.
Parliament (National Assembly) decided in February 2002 that the existence of political parties is not important for the phase in which the country is still in, and therefore postponed the ratification of law legalizing parties. Still, Parliament technically passed an election law, but without setting a time for future elections.
The development of the region can give an idea of Asmara (see in this App.) Which, at the beginning of 1940, became a large city with modern equipment, both in public buildings and services, as well as in urban development.
In this fervor of work, the developments of which occupied Eritrea for several decades, the war of 1940 suddenly came. The military operations (see Italian East Africa, in this App.), which had begun in July 1940 with the Italian occupation of Kassala, implemented as a local operation without any development, ended the following year with the British occupation of Eritrea, after three weeks of tenacious resistance in Cheren where, at the head of the Eritrean troops, General Orlando Lorenzini met heroic death on March 17, 1941. The occupation of Asmara (March 31, 1941), Massawa (April 9) and Assab (June 12), was followed by the replacement of the Italian administration of Eritrea with the British military one. Even in this new situation, Eritrea has given admirable proof of its vitality. In the last phase of the war, Eritrean industries organized themselves, especially those of vehicle and aircraft repairs, in order to keep their plants in operation and ensure employment for the country. Later, the need to provide locally for the needs of the local population, due to the almost absolute restrictions on external traffic imposed for political-military reasons, prompted other Italians from Eritrea in 1943 and 1944 to create new industries, such as shoe factories, matches, leather processing, and to give greater development to the food industries already established in Eritrea. This work, which resulted in a common advantage of the Italians and the other Eritrean populations, then took place in less favorable general conditions in the following years (1946 and following), when the prolonged uncertainty about the country’s final fate (uncertainty often aggravated by opposing political propaganda) made industrial investments and long-term plans more risky. But the harsh test, which, both economically and politically, Eritrea has overcome in the last seven years, allows us to have confidence in the future of that territory.
The bloody incidents of 19 August 1946 between the Sudanese troops occupying Asmara and the Eritrean population caused some concern; but Eritrea has remained in fair conditions of tranquility, on the whole, even in the last period and the work of the investigative commission, appointed by the London Conference to report on the aspirations of the Eritrean populations, took place without incidents, thanks particularly of the balance and sincere patriotism of the Eritrean Italians and of their friendly solidarity with the other populations of the territory.