Eritrea abolished the coin “birr” and introduced “nafka” instead. In response, Ethiopia stated that trade between the two countries should be settled in North American dollars. To see more information other than history, please visit Abbreviationfinder to learn more about climate, population, government, and economy for the country of Eritrea.

The government did not fulfill the plans for political reform and postponed the election of more parties until 1997, while the land conflicts with neighboring countries Djibouti and Yemen worsened. In a country ravaged by extreme poverty, tourism concentrated on the coral islands plays a vital role in the country’s economy.

Fighting with Ethiopia broke out again in 1998. But unlike the liberation war, the new war had the nature of border conflict. It quickly involved other African countries as Nigeria sent weapons to the Eritreans and Kenya mobilized troop forces along its border with Ethiopia.

In June 99, President Issaias and Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi accepted a proposal by the OAU for immediate ceasefire and withdrawal of troops from the conflict zones. The Eritrean authorities demanded compensation for the deportation of thousands of Eritreans into Ethiopia and the confiscation of their possessions.

In September, Eritrea accepted the OAU peace proposal, while Ethiopia had minor criticisms. The following months intensified efforts to get both parties to accept the agreement. Nevertheless, the situation continued to be tense and in February 2000, the two countries fought again.

  • Countryaah: Check to see the location of Eritrea on the world map. Also covers major mountains, rivers and lakes in Eritrea.

In September 2001, 11 government officials were arrested and accused of being “overthrowers” and “traitors” after criticizing the government and demanding democratic reforms. The opposition press was also closed and 9 journalists detained.

Parliament (National Assembly) decided in February 2002 that the existence of political parties is not important for the phase in which the country is still in, and therefore postponed the ratification of law legalizing parties. Still, Parliament technically passed an election law, but without setting a time for future elections.

History of Eritrea
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