The date of the first possession of Nauru is unknown; However, eastern Micronesia was populated later than many of the islands in western Micronesia, possibly only around Kr.f. The native population of Nauru exhibits a physical and linguistic mix of Micronesian, Polynesian and Melanesian elements. Before 1900, two physically distinct population groups could be discerned on the island.

  • Countryaah: Check to see the location of Nauru on the world map. Also covers major mountains, rivers and lakes in Nauru.


As the first Europeans, British came to the island in 1798. Clan struggles in the late 1800s resulted in German colonizers incorporating Nauru in the German protectorate of the Marshall Islands in 1888. Christian mission began in the years around 1900, and mining for phosphate extraction began in 1906. Nauru became a mandate in 1919 under the joint management of Britain, Australia and New Zealand. It was occupied in 1942-45 by Japan, which deported two-thirds of the population. Nauru was transferred to the UN in 1947 and placed under Australian administration. To see more information other than history, please visit Abbreviationfinder to learn more about climate, population, government, and economy for the country of Nauru.

The country became independent in 1968 and a special member of the Commonwealth in 1969. Naurus’s standard of living is considered to be the highest in the Third World, but phosphate mining causes such serious environmental problems that, alongside most groceries, fresh water must also be imported from Australia. In recent years, several corruption scandals have been revealed, and political instability has increased.

History of Nauru
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