When Kristoffer Columbus arrived on the island on Lucia Day in 1502, it was populated by Caribbean Indians. The British tried to colonize the island in the 17th century, but did not succeed because of strong resistance among the population.
Saint Lucia was partly under French control from 1642, and still there is a French Creole language spoken among the population, which is largely derived from Africa.
The United Kingdom occupied the island in 1803 and formally became the dominant party under the Paris Agreement in 1814. The island formed part of the British Windward Islands from 1838 to 1958. The island was then part of the West Indies Federation until 1962.
- Countryaah: Check to see the location of Saint Lucia on the world map. Also covers major mountains, rivers and lakes in Saint Lucia.
In 1967, Saint Lucia gained internal autonomy within the British Commonwealth until independence in 1979. The United Workers Party (UWP), led by the highly conservative John Compton, who had held the majority in parliament since 1964, lost the 1979 election in favor of Saint Lucia Labor Party (SLP) under the leadership of Allen Louisy.
Due to internal strife and lack of stability within the party, Louisy resigned in 1981, and Winston Cenac of the same party formed a new government until the 1982 election, which was won by UWP and John Compton.
Serious financial problems were caused by, among other things, Hurricane Allan’s devastation in 1980 and falling prices on the island’s only export item, bananas. In the years following independence, the UK guaranteed the banana ban through a favorable guarantee scheme. From 1992, the scheme was abolished as it was in violation of EU trade policy. The UWP with John Compton won the elections in both 1987 and 1992, but the political veteran had to step down in January 1996 as a result of corruption scandals. He was replaced by Vaughan Lewis from the same party until the May 1997 elections, which became a solid victory for SLP opposition candidate Kenny Anthony, who was later re-elected. To see more information other than history, please visit Abbreviationfinder to learn more about climate, population, government, and economy for the country of St. Lucia.
The country pursues an open economic policy and has enjoyed stable growth over a long period of time. In order to make the economy more robust, in recent years much has been invested in developing the infrastructure and in making the business sector more multifaceted, but with tourism as a main focus area.