The first population of the Solomon Islands is linked to the expansion of the Lapita culture, which spread over the southern Pacific region from about 1300 BC. Excavations in i.a. Nenumbo on the island of Ngaua in the east has uncovered a settlement with lapita ceramics from 1100 BC The settlement later shows traces of long-distance contacts with other island groups. obsidian constituted an important commodity.
- Countryaah: Check to see the location of Solomon Islands on the world map. Also covers major mountains, rivers and lakes in Solomon Islands.
The Solomon Islands archipelago was reached in 1568 by Spanish explorers; however, their attempt to found a colony in 1595 failed. Around 1860, Australian shipowners began a tough recruitment of cheap labor from the Solomon Islands to plantations in Australia. Germany and Britain established protectorate in the Archipelago Act 1885 and 1893. In exchange for their interests in Samoa, the British were allowed to take over German possessions in the Solomon Islands, and the archipelago became a British colony in 1899, with the exception of Bougainville and Buka which were part of German New Guinea. After World War I, these two islands, together with German New Guinea, came under Australian management.
Parts of the Solomon Islands were occupied by Japan in 1942, and major naval and jungle battles preceded the Allies’ recapture: perhaps the most famous war scene was the island of Guadalcanal.
Independence within the British Commonwealth was achieved in 1975 and independence in 1978. In 1984, the Government issued a ban on nuclear-armed vessels to stay in the Solomon Islands, which together with bitter fishing wars has clouded relations with, among other things. USA. To see more information other than history, please visit Abbreviationfinder to learn more about climate, population, government, and economy for the country of Solomon Islands.
Important sources of revenue are licensing agreements with foreign forestry and fishing companies. Irregularities in license management, reckless harvesting methods and the risk of overexploitation have led to protests from both the indigenous population and Australia. The neighboring country of Papua New Guinea has tried to quell the conflict in Bougainville, which, together with Buka, has tried to form its own state. The government of the Solomon Islands fears that the conflict can spread, as it is only a short canoe trip (8 km) between the Solomon Islands western border and Bougainville, and has called on the Papuan government to resolve the conflict by peaceful means.